An immensely detailed view of Dover New Hampshire in the early 19th century. In addition to its intrinsic rarity, this is remarkable as one of the very few printed plans of New Hampshire towns issued prior to 1850. The print consists in fact of two maps. At left is a map of the town on […]
A partnership of John and William Pendleton, Pendleton’s Lithography was Boston’s first lithographic firm. Having previously worked as engravers, the brothers acquired lithographic equipment and supplies and set up shop in 1825. The brothers parted ways in 1829, with John moving to New York and opening his own lithographic operation, while William continued to run Pendleton’s Lithography in Boston until 1836. In that year William sold the firm to his bookkeeper Thomas Moore, under whose name the business continue to operate.
From the beginning maps and topographic views were an important part of Pendleton’s output. Their very first map–and indeed one of the first lithographic maps issued in America–was probably an 1826 facsimile of Foster’s 1677 “Map of New-England.” Their topographic views included for example works by early female lithographic artist Mary Jane Derby, images of Boston, and works by Fitz Henry Lane such as this iconic 1836 view of Gloucester.
For those with an interest in maps, however, Pendleton’s Lithography should be best remembered for issuing dozens of seminal maps of Massachusetts towns in the 1830s… the consequence of a statewide mapping project that required each town to commission a detailed survey of its lands. For example, see these maps of Amherst, Dorchester, and Nantucket, all products of Pendleton’s Lithography. These surveys were later compiled by Simeon Borden to produce the 1844 Topographical Map of Massachusetts.
A who’s-who of American artists and lithographers worked at one time or another for Pendleton’s, including among others John H. Bufford, Nathaniel Currier, Orra White Hitchcock, David Claypoole Johnston, Fitz Henry Lane.