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Moses Greenleaf (1777-1834) was born into a distinguished and gifted Maine family. Greenleaf was particularly interested in the economic development of Maine and saw this being advanced by a new survey of the district, later claiming to have started work in 1803, and devoted his life to the mapping of Maine, to a standard and detail not matched for any other U.S. state of the day.

Greenleaf’s first wall-map of Maine was published in 1816 (though dated 1815) and was re-issued in 1820 and 1822. To accompany it, he composed a text, A statistical view of the district of Maine more especially with reference to the value and importance of its interior 1816. In 1829, he published a new wall-map of Maine again accompanied by a text, A survey of the state of Maine, in reference to its geographical features, statistics and political economy 1829 which, in turn, was accompanied by an atlas volume, considered as the first atlas of the state.

In 1832 Greenleaf issued a new edition of his wall-map and about the same time embarked on a second volume of the survey of the state of Maine containing an intended series of maps of the individual representative districts, but further progress was ended by the death of Greenleaf on March 20, 1834.

Greenleaf devoted his life to the advancement of Maine and is regarded as one of the central figures in the District being granted statehood in 1820. Tributes to Greenleaf in the Maine legislature described him as a “… a man who devoted himself with singleness of heart and untiring zeal, to the true interest of the State. Not only by his published works, but in the labors of a most active life, he forgot his personal interest in his efforts to advance the prosperity of the State. … Maine is more indebted to him than to any other man.” (Bangor Daily Whig, May 8, 1844).



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Unrecorded Moses Greenleaf map of Washington County Maine ca 1832.

Unrecorded Moses Greenleaf map of Washington County Maine

Previously unrecorded map by Moses Greenleaf of Washington County Maine, intended for a never-realized second volume of his Survey of the State of Maine. The map is stripped to its essentials, showing Washington County and its state-representative districts in outline, presumably based on reapportionment following the Census of 1830. The voting population for each town […]

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Exceptionally rare map of Maine by John Norman

Exceptionally rare map of Maine by John Norman

An early, valuable and exceptionally rare map of Maine while still the “Eastern District” of Massachusetts, with the ownership inscription of renowned Maine mapmaker Moses Greenleaf. The map by John Norman of Boston is a reduced edition of An Accurate Map of the District of Maine, which had been compiled by Osgood Carleton, engraved by […]

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Moses Greenleaf, ATLAS ACCOMPANYING GREENLEAF’S MAP AND STATISTICAL SURVEY OF MAINE… Portland: Shirley & Hyde, [1829].

Moses Greenleaf atlas of Maine… “unparalleled in its time” (Thompson)

A Maine rarity, being the Moses Greenleaf state atlas of 1829. Greenleaf was “a champion of central Maine development, an ardent supporter of statehood, an early and vocal advocate of Maine’s claim in the Northeastern Boundary Controversy, an accurate compiler of statistics and data about Maine, and a careful and dedicated cartographer of maps of […]

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Moses Greenleaf / Engraved by W. B. Annin, Boston, Map of the District of Maine From the Latest and Best Authorities. To the Honourable the Legislature of the State of Massachusetts This Map is Respectfully Inscribed by the Author. Boston: Cummings & Hilliard, No. 1 Cornhill, 1815.

Seminal 1815 Map of the District of Maine by Moses Greenleaf

The rare first state of the  first map by Moses Greenleaf, published when Maine was still a district of Massachusetts. The product of unprecedented efforts to compile the best-available information, especially regarding central and northern Maine, this map surpassed all earlier representations of the District, most notably Osgood Carleton’s map of 1801. It provided both […]

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Moses Greenleaf / Published by Shirley & Hyde, Portland / J. H. Young & F. Dankworth, Engravers, Philadelphia, Map of the State of Maine with the Province of New Brunswick.

A lovely example of Greenleaf’s Map of the State of Maine

State IV of Moses Greenleaf’s second wall map of Maine (the stated “Third Edition”), the finest map of the state published up to that time. The map shows the entire state of Maine as well as New Brunswick and a portion of Lower Canada, and includes an inset map on the lower right depicting Nova […]

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