Previously unrecorded map by Moses Greenleaf of Washington County Maine, intended for a never-realized second volume of his Survey of the State of Maine. The map is stripped to its essentials, showing Washington County and its state-representative districts in outline, presumably based on reapportionment following the Census of 1830. The voting population for each town […]
Moses Greenleaf (1777-1834) was born into a distinguished and gifted Maine family. Greenleaf was particularly interested in the economic development of Maine and saw this being advanced by a new survey of the district, later claiming to have started work in 1803, and devoted his life to the mapping of Maine, to a standard and detail not matched for any other U.S. state of the day.
Greenleaf’s first wall-map of Maine was published in 1816 (though dated 1815) and was re-issued in 1820 and 1822. To accompany it, he composed a text, A statistical view of the district of Maine more especially with reference to the value and importance of its interior 1816. In 1829, he published a new wall-map of Maine again accompanied by a text, A survey of the state of Maine, in reference to its geographical features, statistics and political economy 1829 which, in turn, was accompanied by an atlas volume, considered as the first atlas of the state.
In 1832 Greenleaf issued a new edition of his wall-map and about the same time embarked on a second volume of the survey of the state of Maine containing an intended series of maps of the individual representative districts, but further progress was ended by the death of Greenleaf on March 20, 1834.
Greenleaf devoted his life to the advancement of Maine and is regarded as one of the central figures in the District being granted statehood in 1820. Tributes to Greenleaf in the Maine legislature described him as a “… a man who devoted himself with singleness of heart and untiring zeal, to the true interest of the State. Not only by his published works, but in the labors of a most active life, he forgot his personal interest in his efforts to advance the prosperity of the State. … Maine is more indebted to him than to any other man.” (Bangor Daily Whig, May 8, 1844).