Striking map of Essex County, Massachusetts, surrounded by dozens of inset town plans (detailing streets and individual dwellings), an inset geological map, several business directories, a table of distances and vignettes of important landmarks. One of a small percentage of examples that were never varnished, and consequently offered here with vibrant original color. In the 1850s […]
Henry Walling was perhaps the most accomplished and interesting American mapmaker of the mid-late 19th century, in no small part because of his prolific output: Between 1848 and 1888 he produced perhaps 150 large-scale, separately-issued maps of American towns and counties; several seminal state maps; numerous state and county atlases; and many maps for the U.S. Geological Survey. But arguably his greatest impact was as a serial innovator. He helped pioneer new models of partnership between commercial, local, state and Federal mapping enterprises; demonstrated that commercial mapmakers could produce high-quality, low-cost maps by drawing on the work of government scientific agencies; was a leading advocate of applying geodetic survey methods and tools to local and regional surveys; and catalyzed the first topographical (i.e., three dimensional) survey of an American state.
To learn more about Walling’s long and fruitful career, see our article “Henry F. Walling and the Mapping of New England’s Towns, 1849-1857.”