Theodore Roosevelt expands the National Forest system in California

Theodore Roosevelt, [Archive of six separately-published proclamations by Roosevelt as President, each establishing or extending a National Forest in California.] Washington, D.C.: [Government Printing Office,] 1906-1908.
Six folio circulars, each 1-2pp plus blank integral leaf and a tipped-in folding map.

An archive of extremely rare circulars printing proclamations by Theodore Roosevelt establishing the San Luis Obispo Forest Reserve (1906), and expanding the Santa Barbara Forest Reserve (1906) and the San Gabriel (1907), Trabuco Canyon (1907), San Bernadino (1908) and Monterey (1908) National Forests.

Each circular includes the text of the proclamation, signed in type by Roosevelt and his Secretary of State, along with a tipped-in map of the affected area based on the work of the U.S. Geological Survey. Such circulars, sometimes (though not here) accompanied by a cover letter from the Secretary of State, were the State Department’s standard format for distributing presidential proclamations to elected leaders and the diplomatic corps. As such they appear to represent the first printings for distribution of these important presidential actions, preceding any appearance in registers compiling the actions of the Federal Government.

An ardent conservationist, Roosevelt left behind an extraordinary legacy of public lands protected under his authority, including 150 national forests encompassing some 150 million acres. In doing so acted under the authority of the Forest Service Organic Administration Act of June 4, 1897, which created the nation’s first legal framework for administering public lands as forest reserves. In 1905 he had transferred authority over these reserves from the Department of the Interior to the National Forest Service, a new agency within the Department of Agriculture.

In this circular format these proclamations are extremely rare. None are recorded in OCLC.

For a brief history of the early years of the National Forest system, see Lands and Realty Management Staff, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, “Establishment and Modification of National Forest Boundaries and National Grasslands: A Chronological Record, 1891-2012,” pp. ii-iv.


Two circulars with light toning and/or soiling and a small penciled annotation above title, a third lacking the integral blank, but generally very good to excellent.