Case map of Nova Scotia

Mackinlay, A. & W. (publishers) / Hendry, W.A. (draughtsman), Mackinlay's Map of the Province of Nova Scotia, Including the Island of Cape Breton, Halifax, N.S., 1865.
Lithograph map, segmented and mounted on linen, 30.5"h x 39"w plus margins, full color. Folds into green cloth covers.

This large and attractive case map depicts Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and the eastern areas of New Brunswick. Hatchuring indicates areas of higher elevation, and symbols and a colored key are used to depict railroads, roads, telegraph stations, gold and coal mining areas, post offices and ports of entry. Throughout the map are notes indicating locations of forests, mineral and ore deposits, and even a source for grind stones.

Halifax imprints are quite uncommon, and this is the first time we have encountered a map of Nova Scotia published there.

In late 1776 or early 1777 the British decided to try once again to split the Colonies. They designed a three-prong attack, with the main efforts being a pincer attack up the Hudson from New York City and an invasion from Quebec, aided by a diversion via Lake Ontario. After much lobbying, on Feb. 20, 1777 General John Burgoyne was selected to lead the invasion from the North. The entire strategy ended in catastrophe for the British, as the diversion failed, the attack from New York never materialized, and the unsupported Burgoyne surrendered his trapped army at Saratoga in October of that year.

Phillips, A List of Maps of America, p. 625; Rumsey 451A.